Top 08 results of renaissance
Renaissance period The transition or transition period between the medieval and modern periods in Europe
is. Under this period, whose macro period is kept from the fourteenth century to the sixteenth century, the new trends and achievements reflected in the cultural world of Europe are called renaissance. During this period, some fundamental economic, social, political and cultural changes were taking place in the life of Europe, due to which the medieval structure of Europe based on religious and traditional agro-feudal economy was collapsing and the sunrise of modern Europe was being brightened. The three major renaissance and modern era that were to begin were humanism, rationalism and scientific mind: the most striking expression of these new elements in the literature, art and science of Europe, which we have discussed in detail above.
What were the results of the renaissance? The results of the Renaissance were not only permanent and far-reaching, but also
These results can be studied under the following headings:
01 Evolution of human-centered consciousness
The Renaissance changed the axis of medieval religion-centered thinking to become human-centered, and with the development of the modern age, respectively, humanist consciousness became revered as an absolute value. There were many humanist thinkers in the Renaissance period, according to which the basis of human activities and activities should be human themselves. Man is not a mechanical and inertial character of a predetermined religious role; It is an independent reflective and instinctive entity, which should strive for the rise and joy of its real and direct cosmic life. The purpose of human life is not to improve the hereafter or the future life, as the Dharmadhikari believed, but to make our real and immediate life, environment and world more lively, jovial, meaningful and useful. There is a strong expression of this humanistic consciousness in the art and literature of the Renaissance era. But it is noteworthy that in its early stages, humanism was expressed through religious themes or symbols, its complete secularization only after the Renaissance era, but what happened later was clearly a result of the Renaissance era. in words,
The supremacy of human-centered or humanistic consciousness established in the modern period was a byproduct of the process started in the Renaissance era. Mananism is an essential element of modernism.
02 Rise of rationalism or rational approach
An important contribution to the Renaissance era was medieval
In place of religious blind faith, there was the rise of rationalism or rational consciousness. Now nothing was believed only because it was written in a scripture or said by a religious teacher. People wanted to be satisfied with the logical consistency of the statements and truth with the use of their intelligence and conscience. The rise of rationalism paved the way for modernism, because intellectualism is the main feature of modernism.
03 Scientific consciousness, achievements and inventions
The foundation of the modern scientific era was laid in the Renaissance period. Humanistic and rational consciousness led to the emergence of a scientific mind-state, whose meaning is to accept any rule or work-causal relationship of the natural or human world only if it is proved by correct observation and experiment. In the Renaissance era after the rise of scientific mindset, many scientific rules were discovered, and the groundwork for the invention of many instruments was laid. The amazing scientific and technological revolution that took place in the modern period can be seen in the Renaissance era.
04 Individualism, free thinking and self-consciousness
, Rationalism and Scientific Mind: Nurtured individualistic thinking. Person-specific had become acquainted with the free and limitless possibilities of the creation and development of his personality, he became an independent thinker and followed an independent lifestyle which was free from religious-social and political pressures and was basically from his individualistic aspirations. Was redirected. There is a difference between humanism and individualism. Humanism means interest in the normal and temporal activities of human being, ie in human subjects as compared to religious subjects. Individualism means an individual’s interest in the development and performance of one’s own personality or behavior and lifestyle in accordance with personal aspirations. Individualism awakened the spirit of self-esteem and self-consciousness. Michelangelo is said to have had such a self-conscious and determined personality that he avoided public respect, and defied the friendship of princes.
05 Separation of state and religion
In the medieval period, the state and the church were interdependent, ie dependent on each other. In the Renaissance era, the influence of the Church declined on the one hand, on the other, large states began to emerge. State and religion were now considered to be complementary to different needs, and a dividing line was drawn between their fields. Independent concepts of the state developed. Renaissance Maciavelli, the leading political thinker of the Renaissance and the beginning of the modern era, has greatly ridiculed the church and the clergy in his works. In his book ‘History of Florence’, Machiavelli wrote that the Pope and the clergy had obstructed the unity of Italy and deliberately kept Italy divided.