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Thursday 9 February 2023

What is Ethanol Blended Petrol?

What is Ethanol Blended Petrol?

Ethanol, often known as ethyl alcohol or alcohol, is a type of biofuel with the molecular formula C2H5OH. It is produced naturally through sugar fermentation. It is mostly produced in India during the sugarcane extraction process. However, it can also be produced using other organic material, such as grains of food.
In order to limit the consumption of fossil fuels, Modi government has started the Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme.

What is the benefit of blending Ethanol in Petrol?
E20 fuel has been shown to result in larger reductions in carbon monoxide emissions, which are 50% lower in two-wheelers and 30% lower in four-wheelers, because ethanol promotes full combustion. Research points a 20% reduction in hydrocarbon emissions, but there is no discernible trend in nitrous oxide emissions because it depended on the type of vehicle/engine and the circumstances under which it was operating.

As part of a campaign to expand the use of biofuels to reduce emissions and dependency on foreign exchange-draining imports, 20% ethanol-laced Petrol (E20 Petrol) was made available on Monday at a few select gas stations in 11 states and union territories. Currently, 10% ethanol is blended into Petrol (90% Petrol, 10% ethanol), and by 2025, the government wants to quadruple this amount.

What is E20 Petrol?

When sugar is fermented, ethanol, also known as C2H5OH, is produced on its own. It is mostly made by extracting sugar from sugarcane, though it can also be made from other organic sources like cereal grains.As part of its commitments to reduce carbon emissions, India has launched the Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) effort to blend this biofuel with Petrol. This will reduce the country’s use of fossil fuels. Previously, the government claimed that the E10 goal had been achieved, which means that 10% of the nation’s Petrol now contains ethanol.

E20 Petrol: Advantages of E20 Petrol

Utilizing ethanol produced from sugarcane, broken rice, and other agricultural products will lessen the dependency of the third-largest oil user and importer nation on international imports.
India presently relies on imports for 85% of its oil requirements. It lowers carbon emissions as well.
When compared to E0, the use of E20 is thought to reduce carbon monoxide emissions by around 50% in two-wheelers and about 30% in four-wheelers (neat petrol).
Both two-wheelers and passenger cars are expected to have a 20% reduction in their hydrocarbon emissions.
In the fiscal year 2021–2022, India imported crude oil for USD 120.7 billion (April 2021 to March 2022).
Oil imports cost USD 125 billion in the first nine months of the current fiscal year (April 2022 to December 2022) alone.

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